To be «pears» as bad as «Apple»

People with a figure of «Apple» whose fat is concentrated mostly in the abdominal area, have long been considered more at risk of diseases such as diabetes and heart disease than those figures in the shape of a pear, with fatty deposits around the buttocks and thighs.

But a new study conducted at the Medical center of the University of Chicago, Davis has filed another proof that this kind of the advantages of a pear shaped body more myth than reality. The researchers found that the fat accumulated in the buttocks, also known as gluteal adipose tissue, secretes abnormal levels of the proteins chemerin and omentin-1 that can cause inflammation and the condition that precedes diabetes, known as insulin resistance, in individuals with early symptoms of metabolic syndrome.

If to speak more precisely, in patients with early symptoms of the metabolic syndrome, gluteal fat tissue secretes elevated levels of the protein chemerin and low levels of omentin protein 1, which together with other factors, increases the risk of developing heart disease and diabetes. High levels of the protein chemerin, for example, is associated with high blood pressure, increased levels of C-reactive protein (sign of inflammation) and triglycerides, insulin resistance, and also low levels of beneficial HDL cholesterol. Low level of protein omentin-1 is associated with low HDL cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides and blood glucose.

The good news is that with weight loss the level of protein chemerin is also reduced, and the risk of metabolic syndrome.