Diet for high blood sugar: ask an endocrinologist. New scientific data about diet for high blood sugar

Diabetes is a systemic violation processing microanalytically substances with subsequent development of instability of a metabolism.

Diabetes affects people of any age and gender, and is characterized by the severity of the exhibited symptoms and many complications, because life is to serious danger.

In addition to specific treatment, it is important to choose for the patient the optimal power supply system.

General nutrition guidelines for high blood sugar

For starters, it should be noted that not always the rise of blood sugar indicates the presence of diabetes. The pancreas may reduce activity in the period of prolonged stress, depression etc. In this case, increased sugar in the blood can be a normal variant. The diagnosis can only endocrinologist on the basis of the diagnostic results.

Diabetes is a terrible disease. Therefore, in no case can not neglect the diet. Almost everyone knows that diabetes is of two types: 1st and 2nd, but the difference between them can name only a few.

The difference is quite clear: the diabetes of the first type is associated with the disruption of the pancreas by organic reasons (comorbidities such as pancreatitis, genetic disorders, etc.). Type II diabetes is almost always associated with obesity and is a result of. The pancreas simply can not withstand the load and fails.

Therefore, the approach to nutrition must be especially careful, taking into account their form of the disease.

Products permitted for high blood sugar

If you have diabetes of the 1st type

1) Bread from whole grains, rye bread.

2) Wheat bran.

3) Soups, cooked in vegetable broths and soups on weak meat broth (chicken, veal, lean beef).

4) Legumes: beans, lentils.

5) Meals of lean meats: beef, chicken, rabbit, Turkey. The main rule: to eat meat without the skin, as many people love it. Better to give preference to cooking, stewing or baking as cooking method.

6) Lean fish: cod, pike, walleye etc. In any case, fish oil has a slightly different structure, bathed animal fat. Because to consume the fish without removing the skins.

7) Fresh and prepared fruits and vegetables. Special restrictions here. You: watermelons, apples, citrus, pear, cherry, pomegranate, plums etc. Vegetables can be consumed without fear, except, perhaps, potatoes. The excess starch in the potato imposes certain limitations. As you know, in the body, starch is hydrolyzed to glucose, and that means would again be elevated blood sugar. Potatoes are best consumed in the form of puree. When cooking of starch «falls» into the water, and the concentration of a substance in the tubers falls.

8) Kashi cereals: oatmeal, buckwheat.

9) Dairy products. Exclusively low fat or fat free. Milk, unsweetened yogurt, kefir, low-fat cheeses.

10) chicken Egg. It is permissible to consume up to 7 eggs a week.

11) Vegetable oil. Butter can also be consumed, but to 25-30 grams per day.

12) Drinks: tea, coffee, fruit drinks, fruit drinks.

13) Pastry: in small amounts.

       In diabetes of the 2nd type

The diet of the diabetic of the 2nd type is slightly softer.

1) you Can not only bread, but also in small quantities and conventional. Including allowed use of pasta (within reason, of course).

2) Also allowed the use of small amounts of a fatty meat.

The rest of the diet is the same.

Products banned for high blood sugar

In this case, the differences between the types of diabetes there.

1) Bakery: biscuits, cakes, pie, pastry products.

2) Fried foods, too much salty food.

3) Fatty meats: goose, pork.

4) Soups on a strong broth.

5) Semolina.

6) Alcohol, sweet drinks and other sweet drinks.

7) Canned.

In limited quantities is permissible to use:

1) Potatoes (up to 1 tuber per day in the form of puree).

2) Honey, sweet fruit (the amount is determined individually).

3) Pasta.

4) meat products (up to 50 g per day).

The principles of nutrition and preparation of diet for high blood sugar

Food must be fractional. Portion should not exceed 150-300 grams. The frequency of meals should be 4-6 times. Meal times should be calculated on the basis of the standard human biorhythms adjusted for individual characteristics: the first —8.00-9.00, the second — 11.30, third — 13.30, fourth — 15.30-16.00, fifth — 18.00, sixth — 20.00.

Biochemical composition of the diet should be as follows: 23-24% fat, 20 protein, and the rest should come from carbohydrates.

For persons suffering from diabetes of the 2nd type, the main treatment is to reduce body weight. The main recommendation for these patients is to reduce caloric intake by 1/3 — ½ (usual food intake). Sharply refuse food cannot.

Substitute products banned for high blood sugar

The harmlessness of diabetic products is a moot point. A number of experts adopted the traditional opinion that we should completely abandon sugar and products that are prohibited if you have diabetes and go to their substitutes. Others point directly to the harmfulness and danger of their consumption.

Indeed, fructose is not able to substitute glucose, especially not capable of it sorbitol. The lack of sugar will lead to serious consequences. On the other hand, diabetic products, according to research by the foreign scientists do not only contribute, but also exacerbate the disease.

Therefore, to minimize or to completely refuse from food-substitutes.

A diabetic can eat sweets and honey. But only in minimal quantities (for example, 1/3 of candy a day, 1 teaspoon of honey per day). A surplus, of course, to what good will not result.

1) Candy on the sorbitol and fructose.

2) Syrups and juices.

3) Pasta.

4) Sausages.

In most cases, everything said about them is a total fraud and sham, or insufficient qualification of the doctor.

The only one who will benefit from the consumption of this «food» manufacturers.

The diet of the diabetic must consist only of natural products.

Diet for high blood sugar: sample menu for a week

Focused on 5 meals. If necessary, the specified menu can be broken into 6 times a day.

Monday

Z.

1. Rye bread, one slice (30 grams)

2. Buckwheat porridge, crumbly (28-30 g).

3. Chicken egg soft-boiled.

4. Salad of assorted vegetables (cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage).

5. A glass of weak tea.

6. Green Apple.

V. Z.

1. Dry biscuits (crackers, 20 g).

2. A glass of juice (tomato).

3. A half of a banana.

O.

1. A piece of rye bread.

2. Beetroot soup (300 ml).

3. Chicken cutlet on a few (40 g).

4. Buckwheat porridge crumbly (30 g).

P.

1. A piece of rye bread (23-28 g)

2. A piece of sausage (55g)

3. Salad of assorted vegetables (55 g)

4. A glass of juice (tomato).

U.

1. Bread.

2. Mashed potatoes (60 g).

3. Fish boiled (steamed meatballs) (110 g).

4. 1 green Apple or half a banana.

Tuesday

Z.

1. A piece of rye bread (30 g).

2. The oatmeal (55 g).

3. Salad from assorted fruits (50 g).

4. A piece of lean meat (40 g).

5. A Cup of tea with piece of lemon.

6. Crackers (35 g).

V. Z.

1. An Apple or a banana (150g).

O.

1. Bread.

2. Meat soup with vegetables (230 ml).

3. A piece of lean meat (veal) (35 g).

4. Mashed potatoes (60 g).

5. A Cup of berry infusion.

P.

1. Fruit (orange).

2. A glass of unsweetened yogurt.

U.

1. Bread.

2. Buckwheat porridge, crumbly (60 g).

3. A glass of juice (tomato).

4. Salad of assorted vegetables (60 g).

Environment

Z.

1. Bread.

2. A piece of boiled fish with vegetables (105 g).

3. Salad of assorted vegetables (40 g).

4. Half of the banana.

5. Fruit decoction.

V. Z.

1. Pancakes with low-fat cheese (60 g).

2. A Cup of tea.

O.

1. Bread.

2. Vegetable soup (130 ml).

3. Chicken liver (30).

4. Berry broth (Cup).

P.

1. Fruit (Apple, banana, peach).

2. A Cup of yogurt.

U.

1. Bread (half piece).

2. Buckwheat porridge (60 g).

3. Chicken of fish for a couple.

4. Crackers (30 g).

5. A Cup of tea.

Thursday

Z.

1. Dumplings (7-8 PCs.).

2. Salad of assorted vegetables (30 g).

3. Crackers (40 g).

4. A Cup of berry infusion.

V. Z.

1. 4 apricot.

2. A Cup of yogurt.

O.

1. Bread.

2. Soup with buckwheat (150 ml).

3. A piece of boiled chicken meat (60 g).

4. A Cup of tea.

P.

1. Green Apple.

2. Cherry or cherries (80g).

U.

1. Bread.

2. Porridge (60 g).

3. Chicken fish for a couple.

4. Salad of assorted vegetables (30 g).

5. Cup of broth hips.

Friday

Repeat menu on Tuesday.

Saturday

To repeat the menu for Wednesday.

Sunday

Z.

1. Fritters of potatoes (2-3 PCs.).

2. Salad vegetables (40 grams).

3. Tea without sugar.

4. A half of a grapefruit.

V. Z.

1. The vegetable dumplings.

2. A Cup of yogurt.

O.

1. Bread.

2. Beetroot soup or borscht (110 ml).

3. Cutlets of chicken a couple (1-2 PCs).

4. A Cup of berry infusion.

P.

1. Fruit to choose from.

2. Cup red currants or cranberries.

U.

1. Bread.

2. Buckwheat porridge, crumbly (60 g).

3. Meat patties for a couple (veal) (1 PC).

4. Cabbage stewing (60 g).

5. A Cup of coffee or tea.

Thus, ideas about the diet of the diabetic at the moment in Russia is outdated.

Diabetic not just possible, but necessary to consume all the products that consume a healthy person, including sugar, flour products, etc. This will protect against surges in the glucose levels and will install it at a stable level.

In each case diet menus individually. The most important principle is not to overload the pancreas. Therefore, the food must be fractional and relatively easy.