Exotic and mysterious grapefruit: helpful or harmful? The facts about calories, the benefits and dangers of grapefruit diet
Grapefruit is a combination of two fruits in one – orange and pomelo.
This fruit grows on tall trees that reach a height of 13 meters.
Among scholars there is debate about the benefits and dangers of grapefruit, but to a definite opinion researchers can’t come.
So to find out what more will eating grapefruit help or harm, it is worth examining its structure.
The composition and caloric content of grapefruit
Color are pink, red and white grapefruits. Benefit of grapefruit is largely due to its composition. 90% of this fruit consists of water, so the grapefruit useful and effective with weight loss, but more about that later.
Besides water, the grapefruit contains carbohydrates, proteins, fats, dietary fiber, organic acids, mono — and disaccharides and some ash. The predominance of water in the composition of grapefruit, its nutritional value is 35 kcal per 100g edible portion. Fats this fruit contains least 0.2 g per 100g of fresh fruit. Proteins and carbohydrates 0.7 g and 6.5 g, respectively.
The fruit grapefruit is rich in vitamins and minerals.
Among the vitamins it is worth noting:
• Vitamin e – 0.2 mg (in 100g edible portion of the grapefruit)
• Vitamin a – 3мкг
• Thiamine or vitamin B1 – 0.05 mg
• Riboflavin or vitamin B2 – 0.03 mg
• Pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 is 0.03 mg
• Pyridoxine or vitamin B6 – 0.04 mg
• Folic acid or vitamin B9 – 3мкг
• Vitamin C – 45mg
• Vitamin E – 0.3 mg
• Beta-carotene, 0.02 mg
Based on the content of vitamin C in grapefruit, the conclusion is that this vitamin in this fruit in the same amount as in the orange. However, grapefruit contains more natural sugars than the orange ancestor.
The number of micro — and macroelements in the grapefruit not as large and diverse as vitamins:
• Calcium – 23мг (in 100g edible portion of the fruit)
• Sodium – 13my
• Magnesium – 10 mg
• Potassium – 184мг
• Phosphorus – 18мг
• Iron – 0.5 mg
In addition to the above, the composition includes grapefruit, naringin and quinine – a substance that beneficially affect the gastrointestinal tract. Because of the content naringin fruits of grapefruit and have a bitter taste. This substance is not in the pulp of the fruit, and between slices in translucent skin.
How to use grapefruit?
Most often the grapefruit consumed in fresh form, because it can be stored longer than other fruits without losing its taste and useful properties.
From grapefruit pulp prepared jams, preserves, juices and liqueurs, and from the peel of this bitter fruit made fruits are essential oil and pectin.
Grapefruit pairs well with meat and fish dishes. Before cooking meat, pour grapefruit juice, and the fish soak in it for 20-30 minutes. After this treatment, the taste of the dishes changed for the better.
In aromatherapy and cosmetology the use of grapefruit is confirmed for a long time. Popular facial masks with the pulp or juice of this fruit. Such masks help to whiten the skin and get rid of freckles. In addition, the skin after masks with grapefruit juice becomes elastic and smooth. The juice of this fruit helps to tone the skin, normalize lipid balance and helps prevent the signs of aging.
The useful properties of the grapefruit affect the quality of the skin and on the growth and condition of nails. Hand massage with the zest of grapefruit will help to remove the skin and make the nails stronger.
Essential oil of grapefruit is popular since ancient times. The smell of citrus helps to enhance the mood and cheer up, so after a hard day’s work, it is recommended to take a hot bath with a couple drops of this ether. In addition, grapefruit oil is used in the manufacture of spirits, alcoholic beverages and confectionery.
What are the benefits of grapefruit for human health?
Due to its beneficial composition of grapefruit has a positive effect on the human body. The antioxidants found in the composition of this bright citrus, help the renewal of skin cells, preserve youth and reduce the level of fat in the body.
Grapefruit has a pronounced antimicrobial and antifungal activity. Grapefruit juice helps to get rid of the problem of bleeding gums. Bitter substance naringin – in addition to having a positive effect on the stomach and intestines, affects the functioning of the liver. This fruit contains vitamin C in an amount equal to the daily needs of man.
The grapefruit scent is a natural aphrodisiac. The smell of citrus helps fight depression, fatigue, migraine headaches, normalize sleep and reduce nerve excitement.
Grapefruit – fruit core. Bioflavonoids, which are part of this fruit positive effect on the cardiovascular system – improves the elasticity of blood vessels and improves blood composition. These substances together with vitamin C will help strengthen capillaries. Therefore, if you eat grapefruit at least a couple times a week, can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease and blood vessels. But keep in mind that these benefits apply only to the pulp of the grapefruit, as during mechanical processing of the fiber of the fruit are destroyed, so grapefruit juice won’t be as effective.
Grapefruit helps to reduce cholesterol, prevent the emergence of such diseases as atherosclerosis and normalize the blood pressure. Women this fruit shown to eat during menopause, when blood pressure is frequently elevated. Pectin, contained in the grapefruit useful for women in menopause, as this ingredient helps to alleviate the symptoms of this period.
The use of grapefruit proved by different scientists around the world. American researchers have found that this bright citrus contain substances that help prevent the appearance of tumors, in particular breast cancer.
For people suffering from diabetes are not contraindicated this fruit because it contains natural sugars and helps normalize blood sugar levels. In addition, grapefruit helps to remove excess fluid, toxins and wastes from the body. And the vitamin C content in this fruit made it a great tool for maintaining immunity.
It will not bring any eating grapefruit harm to health?
Not only can benefit grapefruit health, but harm, especially if we are talking about an unhealthy stomach. It is not recommended to eat this fruit for people suffering from gastritis with high acidity and gastric ulcer. Undiluted freshly squeezed grapefruit juice is not recommended and people with a healthy stomach, so as not to provoke irritation and destruction of tooth enamel, as grapefruit juice has a high acidity.
Women who take hormonal drugs (birth control pills) should avoid drinking grapefruit, as this fruit neutralizes the effect of such drugs.
Generally in the use of medicines, grapefruit should not be used. This fruit can lead to higher content of active substance of the medication, leading to overdose. Therefore, eat at this time should be abandoned, or to use it in a long period of time after the drug use.
Helpful or harmful grapefruit for children?
And the benefits and dangers of grapefruit is proven, this raises the question whether it is possible to consume this fruit to children?
Of course, the use of grapefruit more than harm, so a child’s diet can safely include this fruit. However, it is worth remembering that citrus are a powerful allergen, therefore, to introduce the grapefruit to the diet of the child should be small portions and not before the child turns 2 years. If a baby has problems with the digestive system or a tendency to allergies, then enter citrus in the diet is better to postpone until 3 years.
In grapefruit contains vitamins and minerals needed a little body for proper growth and development. Colds and flu can give your child juice or pulp of grapefruit. This fruit helps to improve immunity and resistance to illness, to regain strength.
The child ate with a good appetite, 20 minutes before a meal should offer him a slice of grapefruit. This fruit contains substances that will help to improve the appetite. And if you give to eat a grapefruit before going to sleep, the baby sleep will be much better.
But it is not necessary to introduce this fruit in the diet if the child has serious problems with the gastrointestinal tract – gastritis with high acidity, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. And when other medications do not give this fruit to not cause overdose of medicine.
Weight loss with grapefruit: fact or fiction?
Grapefruit is 90% water, so its calorie content is only 35 kcal per 100 grams. This means that with weight loss this fruit can be consumed without problems.
There are mono-diet and diet with the participation of grapefruit. The juice of this fruit helps to fight against orange peel – cellulite. Of course, the use of the juice visible results will bring, it is imperative to adhere to the principles of proper nutrition.
Eating grapefruit before meals will help to speed up the metabolic processes in the body and prevent the deposition of fat, because this fruit helps to eliminate fat and excess fluid from the body.
During weight loss many people face insomnia – and it will help a grapefruit. Eating citrus before bed will help to fall asleep faster.
Benefits of grapefruit for weight loss is obvious, but you should remember about contraindications that the consumption of this fruit did not bring harm.