Diet No. 1 — detailed description and useful tips. Reviews on diet # 1 and sample recipes.
Diet No. 1 — description and General principles
Any therapeutic diet should be considered as an important part of treatment of many diseases. Thus it involves not only proper selection of products and the technology they use, but also a certain temperature of food consumed by the patient, the multiplicity of its reception, etc.
Diet №1, developed by the Soviet dietitian Michael Pevzner, prescribed to patients who suffer from gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, chronic and acute gastritis.
This diet facilitates the elimination of the inflammatory process, better healing of ulcers, normalizes secretory and motor functions of the stomach. Despite some limitations provided by the diet for a selection of products and way of cooking, her food is considered by nutritionists and the full terms of calorific value and content of protein, fat, carbohydrates.
Diet No. 1 involves cooking foods by boiling and steaming. For hotel dishes allowed without baking the crust. Salt intake should be limited to 6-8 grams. Dieting should be very careful to mechanical and chemical irritants of the gastrointestinal tract, stimulators of gastric secretion and substances, which have been long retained in the stomach. At night you need to use milk or cream. Diet involves exclusion from the diet of very cold and hot dishes. Daily food intake should be 5-6 times.
Diet involves exclusion from the diet of very cold and hot dishes.
The diet should be balanced in such a way that it contains from 90 to 100 grams of protein, 90 grams fat (25 grams should come from fats of vegetable origin), from 300 to 400 grams of carbohydrates, 1.5 l of free fluid. Daily diet should have weight from 2.5 kg to 3 kg.
Calorie diet No. 1 is from 2,800 to 3,000 calories per day.
Diet No. 1 is focused mainly on pureed meals, because of its purpose is to provide a restriction in the diet irritants of the gastric mucosa, including mechanical. However, sometimes used diet No. 1 without mechanical wagenia, not mashed. Its application is possible at the last stage of treatment, which is exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease, or when its sluggish it. In this case, a list of the ingredients used and the method of their processing comply with this diet, but dishes are not wore out.
Diet number 1 — what products can be used
When diet number 1 can be used:
1. Bakery products in the form of:
— wheat bread baked from flour of the 1st or highest grade, which should be yesterday or dried;
dry cake, dry cookies;
— nesdobnoe well baked rolls, baked pies, stuffing which can be apples, boiled meat or fish and eggs, jam, cheese (up to two times per week).
— vegetable, for cooking which uses carrot, potato broth and others, of the allowed vegetables (list will be below);
milk, oats, semolina, rice and other well-boiled cereals;
— vermicelli with vegetables that need to be pureed;
— puree from pre-cooked chicken or other meat is not coarse, not pureed sour berries with semolina or grated vegetables.
For soups, use butter, egg-milk mixture, cream.
2. Meat and poultry low-fat varieties:
steam and boiled dishes cooked where you can use beef, lean young lamb and edged pork, chicken, Turkey;
— boiled or baked in the oven of meat (lean beef chunk, chicken, rabbit);
— steam cutlets, meatballs, meatballs from chopped meat or fish, mashed potatoes, Brasov, beef Stroganoff from boiled meat;
— boiled tongue and liver.
3. Low-fat fish species in the form:
— meatballs, boiled whole or steamed.
4. Dairy products in the form of:
— milk, cream, sour kefir, curdled milk, acidophilus milk, fresh sour cheese (grated), fresh cream (in limited quantities);
— baked cheese cakes, soufflés, lazy dumplings, puddings;
— mild cheese grated (not often).
5. Eggs in the form:
— cooked soft-boiled (no more than 3 per day) or steam omelets.
— semolina, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, and cereals of them that should be boiled in milk or water. Also cereals can be consumed in the form of steam souffles, puddings, cutlets of milk cereals.
7. Noodles and pasta.
— carrots, potatoes, beets, cauliflower, green peas (not often) that are boiled or steamed and dried, or served in the form of steam pudingom, mashed potatoes or a soufflé.
— young zucchini with pumpkin;
— not sour ripe tomatoes.
9. Snacks in the form:
— salads from boiled vegetables, meat, fish;
— boiled tongue, liver pate, PhD, dairy or dietary sausages, unsalted ham without fat;
— jellied fish with vegetable broth; caviar sturgeon, soaked low-fat herring, mincemeat, mild cheese (occasionally).
10. Sweet dishes in the form:
— pureed boiled and baked, sweet berries and fruits;
— mashed potatoes, kissels, mousses, jelly, compotes;
butter cream, milk pudding;
— sugar, honey, sour jam, marshmallow, marshmallow.
11. Sauces and spices:
— milk sauce (béchamel) without the sauteed flour, seasoned with butter, sour cream (in limited quantities);
fruit and milk-fruit sauces;
— dill, parsley, vanillin and cinnamon in limited quantities.
12. Drink in the view:
— tea (weak), optional flavored milk or cream, weak cocoa and coffee with milk;
sweet juices from fruits and berries;
— a decoction of rose hips.
13. Fats in the form:
butter, cow unsalted butter of the highest quality;
— refined vegetable oils that are added to food.
Diet number 1 — what foods not to eat
In the diet number 1 should be:
— bread from the rye flour and any freshly baked pastries, and muffins and products of puff pastry;
— broths of meat, fish and mushrooms, rich vegetable broths, soup, borscht, hash;
fatty or sinewy meats and poultry (duck, goose);
— fatty and salty fish, canned;
— dairy products with high acidity, and also sharp and salty cheeses;
— eggs, hard boiled and fried;
— cereals: millet, barley and corn, and legumes;
— belokachannoy cabbage, turnip, Swede, radish, sorrel, spinach, onions, cucumbers, vegetables and mushrooms in the form of pickles and pickled vegetables of canned food eateries;
sharp and salty snacks, canned food, smoked products;
acid, not enough ripe fruit and berries, which are high in fiber, not pureed dried fruit, chocolate, ice cream;
— sauces, meat, fish, mushroom, tomato, horseradish, mustard, pepper;
— carbonated drinks, brew black coffee;
fats (except those allowed).
Diet No. 1 — examples of menu
Sample menu 1 (pureed):
1st Breakfast consists of boiled soft-boiled eggs, dairy pureed rice porridge and tea with milk.
2nd Breakfast consists of baked apples with sugar.
Lunch consists of milk grated oatmeal soup, steam meatballs with carrot puree, fruit mousse.
Afternoon tea consists of broth hips with crackers.
Dinner consists of fish, boiled and baked with milk sauce, mashed potato and tea with milk.
At night drink a glass of milk.
Sample menu 2 (not pureed):
1st Breakfast consists of boiled soft-boiled egg crumbly buckwheat tea with milk.
2nd Breakfast consists of fresh curd (not sour) and broth hips.
Lunch consists of potato soup vegetarian, boiled meat, baked with béchamel sauce, boiled carrots and stewed fruit (well-boiled).
Afternoon tea consists of a decoction of wheat bran with added sugar and crackers.
Dinner consists of boiled fish baked under a butter sauce, mashed apples and carrots and tea with milk.
Before bedtime drink a glass of milk.
Diet No. 1 — useful tips and reviews
Reviews on diet No. 1 show that it really effectively complements curative measures aimed at the treatment of stomach ulcers, duodenal ulcers, chronic and acute gastritis. All who have used it, note the improvement of health and reduction of pain symptoms after 2 weeks after making the necessary changes in your diet. However, like any other, this diet requires the patient a certain discipline and consistency. The retreat from the diet during treatment and a return to the use of illegal products invariably leads to the return of pain and discomfort state.
Other healing diet:
- Diet in diabetes
- Diet ulcer
- Diet for gastritis
- Diet for pancreatitis
- Diet for cholecystitis
- Diet for pancreas
- Diet for high cholesterol
- Diet for gallbladder
- Diet anti-aging
- Diet number 1
- Diet No. 2
- Diet No. 3
- Diet No. 4
- Diet №5
- Diet No. 6
- Diet №7
- Diet number 9
- Diet №14
- Diet pimples and blackheads
- The Dukan Diet
- Diet with activated charcoal
- Rice diet
- Diet Of Tina Kandelaki
- Fasting days
- Eating for weight loss
Full list of diets presented on our portal, you can find on the main page of the section Nutrition and diet