Diet for diabetes — detailed description and useful tips. Diet for diabetes — examples of recipes.
Diet in diabetes — a description and General principles
Diet in diabetes is of great importance, as this disease is associated with impaired metabolic processes in the body. The mechanism is that breaks the normal functioning of the pancreas, whereby it begins to produce less insulin responsible for the uptake of sugar by the body. This leads to the fact that in the patient’s blood increases the sugar level, normalize and are called therapeutic measures, including diet. In some cases, the diet helps to bring sugar to normal without the use of any medicine. However, its compliance is mandatory and in cases when the patient takes medication to lower blood sugar levels or injecting insulin.
Approach to diet in diabetes should be individualized and take into account the severity of the disease, the body weight of the patient, his profession, lifestyle, comorbidities, tolerance of the patient to certain foods, etc. Also, when choosing a diet, be sure to follow the nature of the production activities, since it affects the energy demands of the patient.
Diet in diabetes — what foods you can eat
Diabetics should give preference to products containing large amount of vegetable fibers – coarse grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts. Fibrous food is necessary not only for lowering glucose levels, but also to reduce cholesterol in the blood.
Menu diabetic must be present fruits — lemons, apples (better sour-sweet), grapefruit, peaches. The daily dose of these products, which should not exceed 200 gr. to be distributed into five parts, to prevent a sudden increase in blood sugar levels.
Twice a week you can treat yourself to a dish of beef or offal (kidneys, liver, heart). Meats is necessary in order to provide the body with proteins and valuable vitamins contained in meat. However, the best meat for diabetics is chicken.
Very useful for people with diabetes, fish dishes and seafood.
Also relevant in their diet dairy products kefir, curdled milk, unsweetened yogurt (up to 2 glasses a day). In small quantities, sometimes you can eat cheese, sour cream and cream, however, preference should be given to low-fat dairy products (skim milk, skim cheese and yogurt). From eating the cheese it is better to refuse, as it contains a lot of carbohydrates.
As for eggs, it is best to consume protein, as the yolk may cause a rise in cholesterol levels.
You can eat all the vegetables with a small amount of starch and carbohydrates.
Diet in diabetes — what foods should not be consumed
Absolutely can not eat sugar. Of course, just to completely abandon it can be difficult, so it is usually recommended to reduce the sugar content in the diet gradually. You also need to be candy (if it’s so difficult, I advise you to replace them with dark chocolate).
You should also limit the consumption of carbohydrate, the source of which are flour products, pastries, biscuits, etc. Diet of patients with diabetes can include rye and white wheat bread (preferably protein-wheat and protein-branny bread, which is produced from crude gluten; protein-branny bread also contains wheat bran).
As mentioned, vegetables are welcome on the table with diabetes, however, vegetables with a high content of starch and carbohydrates (potatoes, carrots, peas, beans, beets) should be avoided. Also, you should refrain from sweet fruits such as bananas, grapes, strawberries.
You should also limit the use of fruit juices as they contain high amounts of carbohydrates. If they still be included in your diet, they should be diluted with water (3 parts juice 1 part water).
Fast food patients with diabetes is contraindicated. Also should be excluded from the diet foods that contain saturated fats. First of all, it comes to fatty meat, whole dairy products, butter, fat. It is better to prefer light vegetable fats.
You need to understand that fatty food is not less harmful in diabetes than good because the high lipid content in the blood leads to progression of the disease. Talking about it and the latest medical research. That is why the diet of patients with diabetes, the total amount of fats (butter and vegetable oil, fat, culinary fats), should not be more than 40 grams per day. The consumption of other foods containing large amounts of fat such as fatty meats, sausages, sausage, cheese, sour cream, mayonnaise, must also be minimized.
Diet for diabetes — examples of menu
When menu planning for diabetics should follow some principles. So, deli products (salami, cheese, salted fish etc), porridge, omelettes, boiled eggs should be eaten for Breakfast, finishing it with hot drinks — tea, coffee, cocoa. For the second Breakfast suitable dishes of vegetables, fruits and eggs. The most significant is traditionally a lunch menu that can be presented cold dishes (salads, vinaigrettes, cold appetizers from fish and meat), soups, poultry dishes, fish, meat, compotes and jelly. In the afternoon is better to use fermented milk drinks and baked goods for dinner — salads, fish, meat and vegetables, cereals, hot drinks.
The approximate daily menu for diabetes number 1
The first Breakfast consists of two hard-boiled eggs and boiled meat with stewed zucchini; coffee or tea with milk; butter (10 gr.) and two slices of rye bread.
The second Breakfast consists of cheese, stewed eggplant with vegetables and coffee with milk.
Lunch consists of soup-fish soup or beef broth with meatballs; low-fat roasted meat with stewed cabbage, compote of fresh apples or jelly.
Afternoon tea consists of cheesecake from the bran with the infusion of rose hips or tea with lemon.
The first dinner consists of stuffed cabbage with meat or cod in the marinade.
Second dinner consists of yogurt or Apple.
The approximate daily menu for diabetes No. 2
The first Breakfast consists of a salad of beets and apples; fish boiled; zucchini pancakes; tea or coffee with milk; butter; black bread.
The second Breakfast consists of meatballs in a cream sauce; tea with lemon.
Lunch consists of cabbage soup or beef broth with two hard-boiled eggs; tomatoes, stuffed with meat or fish grilled with braised eggplant; two baked apples or lemon jelly.
Afternoon tea consists of cakes of bran tea or infusion of rhubarb.
The first dinner consists of beef boiled with vegetables or baked fish; cabbage color butter or curd; tea with lemon or infusion hips.
Second dinner consists of yogurt or Apple.
The approximate daily menu for diabetes number 3
The first Breakfast consists of a salad of tomatoes and cucumbers; steak of minced meat with sauerkraut or fried fish with boiled potatoes and cucumber; oatmeal with butter or pumpkin, baked in sour cream; coffee or tea with lemon; butter; black bread.
The second Breakfast consists of fried zucchini with apples and coffee with cream.
Lunch consists of green soup with egg and sour cream or meat soup; or fried chicken liver with onions in sour cream with beans or cabbage; jelly cranberry or Apple.
Afternoon snack consists of biscuits made from bran with nuts and tea with lemon or infusion hips.
The first dinner consists of beef Stroganoff beef with eggplant.
Second dinner consists of yogurt or one Apple.
Diet in diabetes — useful tips
Meal with diabetes should be possible at the same time, in small portions, up to 6 times a day to prevent overeating.
It is necessary to ensure strict control of weight and provide a diet to total calories eaten per day of food did not exceed 1800 calories per day (this figure may be adjusted based on the age, sex, body weight of the patient). Half of these calories the body needs to obtain from carbohydrates. To control the intake of calories, it is better to buy products on the package which indicate the energy value.
Other healing diet:
- Diet in diabetes
- Diet ulcer
- Diet for gastritis
- Diet for pancreatitis
- Diet for cholecystitis
- Diet for pancreas
- Diet for high cholesterol
- Diet for gallbladder
- Diet anti-aging
- Diet number 1
- Diet No. 2
- Diet No. 3
- Diet No. 4
- Diet №5
- Diet No. 6
- Diet №7
- Diet number 9
- Diet №14
- Diet pimples and blackheads
- The Dukan Diet
- Diet with activated charcoal
- Rice diet
- Diet Of Tina Kandelaki
- Fasting days
- Eating for weight loss
Full list of diets presented on our portal, you can find on the main page of the section Nutrition and diet